answer on the scale to the right of each statement.

Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly
Disagree
1. The importance of pronunciation errors &
Their correction has never been ignored by
English teachers. 1 2 3 4 5
2. Correcting learner’s pronunciation errors in English is one of the teacher’s key roles. 1 2 3 4 5
3. Teaching pronunciation in second is language more effective with feedback than without feedback. 1 2 3 4 5
4. Teachers should not disrupt the flow of communication by interrupting the learners & correcting their pronunciation errors. 1 2 3 4 5
5. Second language pronunciation cannot be taught in a classroom, only can be learned outside it. 1 2 3 4 5
6. Pronunciation correction only works in case of high ability & also low-anxiety learners. 1 2 3 4 5
7. Teachers should treat learners’ pronunciation mistakes in separate lessons or as part of homework. 1 2 3 4 5
8. Teachers have a low tolerance for pronunciation errors. 1 2 3 4 5
9. In the absence of pronunciation error correction, learners couldn’t discover the limits & boundaries of pronunciation they’re learning.
1 2 3 4 5

Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly
Disagree
10. It’s very important for second language pronunciation to sound natural. 1 2 3 4 5
11. Teachers should reformulate student’s pronunciation errors by correcting the erroneous part themselves & give them as a corrective feedback. 1 2 3 4 5
12. Teachers should reformulate all the learners pronunciation errors immediately after the errors are made. 1 2 3 4 5
13. Vocally stressing the correct pronunciation helps learners notice the difference between what they know & what they don’t know in a L2. 1 2 3 4 5
14. Teachers’ pronunciation error correction by Recast has subsequent effects on language learning. 1 2 3 4 5
15. Giving learners the appropriate kind of feedback would improve conditions for second language learning. 1 2 3 4 5
16. The usage of Recast facilitates conversational interaction. 1 2 3 4 5
17. Recasts provide supportive scaffolding that helps learners participate in lessons beyond their current abilities. 1 2 3 4 5
18. Recasts are considered valuable because they provide the learner with positive evidence and potentially also with negative evidence. 1 2 3 4 5
19. In Recast, teachers would not indicate that the student made an error, but merely give a correct form. So it’s an effective system boosting learners’ self-confidence.
1 2 3 4 5

Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly
Disagree
20. A target like version of a student’s utterance as in Recast will be so useful in learning the pronunciation. 1 2 3 4 5
21. Teachers should let the learners self-correct as in Metalinguistics rather than correct the errors of pronunciation themselves as in Recast. 1 2 3 4 5
22. Self correction of pronunciation reduces the Stress and anxiety among learners. 1 2 3 4 5
23. Self correction helps the pronunciation error to be eliminated in the learners’ later production in comparison to teacher correction. 1 2 3 4 5
24. Making the learner to analyze his/her utterance linguistically as in Metalinguistic Feedback makes the learning more effective. 1 2 3 4 5
25. Providing information describing the nature of the pronunciation error, make the learning easier. 1 2 3 4 5
26. Mismatch between teacher’s intention & student’s interpretation on what is corrected in Recast causes some problems. 1 2 3 4 5
27. Metalinguistic clue makes the location of the error clear. 1 2 3 4 5
28. Eliciting the information from the students helps them to correct their mistakes better. 1 2 3 4 5
29. Negotiation for meaning in Metalinguistic might be helpful in helping learners to focus on input and output. 1 2 3 4 5
30. Giving the chance for the learners to think about their pronunciation mistakes and how to reproduce them in a target-like form is better than giving them the answer directly. 1 2 3 4 5
Age: Sex: Male Female
Language Teaching Experience:
Degrees of Education:
Type of the organization you cooperate with:

Thanks You For Filling Out This Questionnaire.

Appendix B: ASSESSMENT
• لطفاً سطح کنونی توانایی زبان انگلیسی خود را ارزیابی کنید.

□ فرا متوسط: دارای توانایی گفتگو در مورد موضوعات عمومی روزمره و موضوعات مربوط به تخصص خود و فهمیدن چکیده سخنرانی¬ها و خواندن متون سطح بالا مانند مجلات و روزنامه انگلیسی.

□ متوسط: دارای توانایی گفتگو در مورد موضوعات روزمره و توانایی خواندن متون عمومی روزانه و نوشتن متون ساده.

□ پیش متوسط: دارای توانایی گفتگو درباره مسائل روزانه خانوادگی. خواندن متون روزمره و آشنا و نوشتن نامه¬های ساده.

□ فرا مبتدی: دارای توانایی مکالمه¬های ساده (احوال پرسی و معرفی دیگران) و توانایی خواندن و نوشتن متون ساده و ابتدایی.

□ مبتدی: دارای توانایی در سلام و احوالپرسی کردن با استفاده از عبارت ساده و مشخص. دارای توانایی خواندن جملات ساده و کوتاه و فهمیدن چکیده متن¬های کوتاه و ساده و همچنین نوشتن جملات ساده و کوتاه.

Appendix C: PILOT DATA

q1 q2 q3 q4 q5 q6 q7 q8 q9 q10
p1 2 2 1 1 4 5 3 1 4 2
p2 1 4 3 3 5 3 5 3 1 3
p3 1 5 5 5 3 4 2 3 2 3
p4 2 3 3 3 2 2 3 1 4 2
p5 5 2 5 5 4 4 2 2 5 4
p6 1 2 1 1 2 3 3 1 1 1
p7 1 2 1 1 1 2 3 1 5 1
p8 4 5 1 1 3 4 3 5 3 1
p9 1 5 1 1 3 3 3 3 5 4
p10 3 4 1 1 5 1 4 5 1 5
p11 3 5 5 5 5 4 2 5 2 3
p12 3 2 2 2 3 4 3 1 3 2
p13 4 2 4 4 3 2 3 3 5 3
p14 4 4 3 3 1 2 2 2 3 2
p15 4 2 4 4 3 3 5 2 5 2
p16 4 2 4 4 2 1 2 5 4 1
p17 4 5 5 5 5 3 5 2 2 5
p18 3 5 4 4 5 2 2 4 3 5
p19 3 3 1 1 1 3 5 2 5 5
p20 1 3 1 1 4 4 2 4 1 1
p21 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 3 2 5
p22 5 2 5 5 3 2 4 1 2 3
p23 3 1 4 4 3 3 4 2 3 3
p24 3 2 4 4 4 5 5 5 3 2
p25 5 3 4 4 3 1 3 5 3 3
p26 1 2 2 2 4 2 2 1 1 5
p27 2 4 1 1 1 3 4 1 1 1
p28 3 5 1 1 3 5 3 4 4 2
p29 2 2 3 3 3 5 4 2 1 2
1 3 3 3 1 5 2 2 3 4

q11 q12 q13 q14 q15 q16 q17 q18 q19 q20
p1 1 2 5 2 1 2 2 2 2 2
p2 1 1 4 4 1 4 2 2 3 3
p3 5 1 1 3 5 3 2 2 3 3
p4 5 5 2 1 5 1 2 2 2 2
p5 1 2 1 3 1 3 2 2 4 4
p6 1 1 2 4 1 4 1 1 1 1
p7 2 1 3 1 2 1 1 1 1 1
p8 3 3 5 1 3 1 2 2 1 1
p9 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 4 4
p10 1 1 4 2 1 2 1 1 5 5
p11 3 1 2 2 3 2 4 4 3 3
p12 4 1 1 1 4 1 3 3 2 2
p13 3 5 2 2 3 2 4 4 3 3
p14 3 4 5 5 3 5 2 2 2 2
p15 1 3 5 2 1 2 1 1 2 2
p16 1 2 3 5 1 5 1 1 1 1
p17 4 2 1 4 4 4 3 3 5 3
p18 5 5 4 5 5 5 2 2 2 3
p19 3 1 1 3 3 3 2 2 2 5
p20 2 3 3 2 2 2 5 5 1 1
p21 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 5 5
p22 3 3 4 1 3 1 1 1 3 3
p23 2 3 1 1 2 1 3 3 3 3
p24 1 2 4 3 1 3 1 1 2 2
p25 5 4 2 3 5 3 1 1 3 3
p26 1 1 2 3 1 3 5 5 3 5
p27 1 1 5 3 1 3 1 1 1 1
p28 2 3 1 4 2 4 1 1 2 2
p29 1 1 1 5 1 5 1 1 2 2
1 1 1 5 1 5 3 3 4 4

q21 q22 q23 q24 q25 q26 q27 q28 q29 q30
p1 1 2 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 2
p2 4 4 2 2 5 4 4 4 4 3
p3 5 2 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 5
p4 1 4 5 3 4 4 4 4 4 5
p5 3 3 4 2 5 5 5 5 5 4
p6 5 5 2 3 4 2 2 2 2 2
p7 1 1 2 3 5 4 4 4 4 3
p8 4 4 4 3 5 2 2 2 2 2
p9 5 5 5 4 5 3 3 3 3 4
p10 1 3 5 3 4 5 5 5 5 3
p11 5 2 2 3 5 5 5 5 5 4
p12 3 3 4 3 3 5 5 5 5 3
p13 5 5 5 5 5 3 3 3 3 5
p14 2 3 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 3
p15 1 4 4 2 4 1 1 1 1 3
p16 1 5 1 4 3 4 4 4 4 3
p17 3 4 3 5 4 5 5 5 5 4
p18 5 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 4
p19 3 1 2 4 1 3 3 3 3 3
p20 3 5 1 4 3 3 3 3 3 4
p21 1 2 4 3 1 4 4 4 4 4
p22 5 2 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 2
p23 1 4 4 5 5 4 4 4 4 4
p24 3 3 5 4 5 4 4 4 4 5
p25 3 5 3 5 4 5 5 5 5 4
p26 4 4 4 3 5 2 2 2 2 2
p27 1 3 3 1 3 3 3 3 3 5
p28 3 4 3 4 2 4 4 4 4 4
p29 4 4 5 3 5 5 5 5 5 5
5 2 5 1 5 4 4 4 4 4

Appendix D: PILOT STATISTICS
Reliability Statistics
Cronbach’s Alpha N of Items
.778 30

Item-Total Statistics
Scale Mean if Item Deleted Scale Variance if Item Deleted Corrected Item-Total Correlation Cronbach’s Alpha if Item Deleted
Q1 86.7000 194.010 .386 .767
Q2 86.2667 198.340 .291 .772
Q3 86.6000 181.766 .625 .752
Q4 86.6000 181.766 .625 .752
Q5 86.3667 188.792 .545 .759
Q6 86.3333 210.299 -.035 .787
Q7 86.2000 212.993 -.111 .787
Q8 86.6667 195.954 .299 .771
Q9 86.4667 210.120 -.037 .788
Q10 86.5333 193.913 .374 .767
Q11 87.1000 190.852 .438 .764
Q12 87.1667 196.557 .324 .770
Q13 86.8000 220.234 -.261 .801
Q14 86.6333 200.378 .202 .776
Q15 87.1000 190.852 .438 .764
Q16 86.6333 200.378 .202 .776
Q17 87.2667 203.237 .172 .777
Q18 87.2667 203.237 .172 .777
Q19 86.8000 197.062 .352 .769
Q20 86.6667 201.885 .194 .776
Q21 86.3333 194.782 .302 .771
Q22 85.9667 205.895 .093 .780
Q23 85.8667 202.189 .194 .776
Q24 85.9333 197.099 .385 .768
Q25 85.3333 199.678 .285 .772
Q26 85.5667 194.323 .495 .764
Q27 85.5667 194.323 .495 .764
Q28 85.5667 194.323 .495 .764
Q29 85.5667 194.323 .495 .764
Q30 85.7667 201.013 .303 .772

Appendix E: QUESTIONNAIRE DATA
q1 q2 q3 q4 q5 q6 q7 q8 q9 q10
p1 5 4 5 5 4 2 5 5 3 4
p2 3 1 4 4 4 2 3 4 4 3
p3 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 3 3 1
p4 4 3 3 1 2 3 3 4 3 3
p5 2 1 3 2 2 3 4 3 5 2
p6 3 2 2 2 2 3 5 4 4 5
p7 2 5 4 4 1 5 4 5 5 2
p8 5 3 5 5 2 2 2 3 2 4
p9 3 5 1 1 3 4 3 1 3 3
p10 4 2 4 4 4 4 5 2 3 5
p11 5 4 4 4 5 4 5 5 5 4
p12 5 2 3 3 1 5 5 1 1 1
p13 3 4 2 2 1 3 4 4 1 5
p14 4 5 1 1 5 3 5 4 2 5
p15 3 4 2 2 3 2 5 5 1 1
p16 3 3 3 3 2 4 2 4 4 4
p17 5 4 1 1 3 1 4 2 1 2
p18 1 5 5 5 4 3 5 4 3 5
p19 4 2 1 1 5 5 1 2 5 1
p20 1 1 5 5 5 5 2 1 5 2
p21 5 2 5 5 1 1 1 4 1 5
p22 1 2 5 5 2 2 3 3 4 5
p23 5 3 2 2 1 5 2 4 3 4
p24 3 3 1 1 3 3 1 5 1 3
p25 3 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 3 1
p26 1 4 3 3 3 3 2 4 3 2
p27 3 5 5 5 2 1 5 4 5 3
p28 1 2 1 1 5 4 2 3 2 2
p29 3 5 1 1 4 4 1 1 2 5
p30 4 3 4 4 4 1 4 1 3 3
p31 5 4 2 2 1 5 2 1 3 1
p32 4 1 5 5 4 5 2 2 4 2
p33 4 5 5 5 2 1 3 1 2 3
p34 5 1 5 5 4 5 5 2 4 1
p35 1 5 3 3 5 2 3 3 1 3
p36 4 4 5 5 4 4 5 2 1 2
p37 1 4 2 2 2 4 3 3 1 1
p38 4 2 5 5 1 3 2 4 4 1
p39 5 5 4 4 5 5 5 4 3 4
p40 4 3 2 2 3 4 5 3 5 2
p41 2 3 3 3 5 1 4 1 2 5
p42 3 2 3 3 5 2 2 3 5 3
p43 1 4 3 3 1 3 1 3 1 5
p44 5 1 3 3 1 1 1 3 2 5
p45 3 2 5 5 2 4 2 4 4 3
p46 3 5 2 2 4 4 3 1 3 4
p47 2 3 4 4 3 3 5 3 1 5
p48 3 5 4 4 4 1 4 4 1 2
p49 5 4 3 3 1 5 2 5 3 2
p50 3 1 4 4 4 2 4 1 3 3
p51 4 2 2 2 5 5 4 1 1 2
p52 4 4 3 3 1 5 5 4 5 1
p53 1 4 4 4 3 1 1 4 1 1
p54 3 4 2 2 1 4 2 5 5 5
p55 4 5 4 4 2 5 2 1 4 5
p56 2 4 3 3 2 5 3 5 3 3
p57 5 5 5 5 4 4 4 5 4 5
p58 2 3 1 1 2 5 2 3 1 3
p59 1 3 2 2 2 3 5 1 3 3
p60 5 5 3 3 4 3 3 1 5 5
p61 2 2 1 1 4 5 3 1 4 2
p62 1 4 3 3 5 3 5 3 1 3
p63 1 5 5 5 3 4 2 3 2 3
p64 2 3 3 3 2 2 3 1 4 2
p65 5 2 5 5 4 4 2 2 5 4
p66 1 2 1 1 2 3 3 1 1 1
p67 1 2 1 1 1 2 3 1 5 1
p68 4 5 1 1 3 4 3 5 3 1
p69 1 5 1 1 3 3 3 3 5 4
p70 3 4 1 1 5 1 4 5 1 5
p71 3 5 5 5 5 4 2 5 2 3
p72 3 2 2 2 3 4 3 1 3 2
p73 4 2 4 4 3 2 3 3 5 3
p74 4 4 3 3 1 2 2 2 3 2
p75 4 2 4 4 3 3 5 2 5 2
p76 4 2 4 4 2 1 2 5 4 1
p77 4 5 5 5 5 3 5 2 2 5
p78 3 5 4 4 5 2 2 4 3 5
p79 3 3 1 1 1 3 5 2 5 5
p80 1 3 1 1 4 4 2 4 1 1
p81 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 3 2 5
p82 5 2 5 5 3 2 4 1 2 3
p83 3 1 4 4 3 3 4 2 3 3
p84 3 2 4 4 4 5 5 5 3 2
p85 5 3 4 4 3 1 3 5 3 3
p86 1 2 2 2 4 2 2 1 1 5
p87 2 4 1 1 1 3 4 1 1 1
p88 3 5 1 1 3 5 3 4 4 2
p89 2 2 3 3 3 5 4 2 1 2
p90 1 3 3 3 1 5 2 2 3 4
p91 3 5 5 5 5 4 1 4 5 5
p92 4 2 4 4 5 5 5 3 2 1
p93 5 5 3 3 1 3 4 1 1 1
p94 3 2 1 1 1 3 4 2 2 2
p95 1 4 1 1 3 4 4 5 3 5
p96 5 2 1 1 2 2 1 5 5 2
p97 4 3 2 2 2 3 5 3 5 5
p98 3 1 2 2 3 1 2 3 4 2
p99 2 5 1 1 5 2 1 2 3 3
p100 1 5 4 4 1 4 5 1 2